A new report from the U.S. centers for disease control and prevention (CDC) shows that a resistant enteric disease called shigella is spreading in the United States for the first time. Between May 2014 and February 2015, a total of 243 people in 32 U.S. states and Puerto Rico were infected with the disease, according to statistics. To that end, the CDC recommends that major medical institutions reduce their use of antibiotics when treating shigella. "If major health care providers fail to reduce the number of cases successfully, we will have a large and protracted epidemic," the CDC said in its report.
It is reported that shigella patients will appear headache, fatigue, dysentery, abdominal pain, fever and other symptoms. It is spread by water in recreational areas such as food and swimming pools. Although the disease can be cured within a week, the patient suffers a lot of pain during the course of the illness. That's why the C.D.C. is so concerned about shigella, but only recently have they discovered the resistant strain, which is rare in the United States. The report said some americans who had traveled abroad brought the disease back. The C.D.C. says some travelers are opting for antibiotics to combat the recurring diarrhea, but that's not the ideal treatment. In addition, most of the bacteria that cause shigella have long been resistant to a variety of antibiotics used in the United States.
Currently, Massachusetts, California and Pennsylvania have high rates of shigella, according to the report. Half had traveled to India or the Dominican republic. But now the disease is beginning to appear in the United States.
According to statistics, the annual number of shigella infections in the United States is about 500,000, but most of them are not resistant to drug resistance.